Valles Marineris is the largest canyon in the Solar System: if superposed on a map of the United States, it would stretch all the way from Los Angeles to Washington, D.C., possibly even up to New England! So this image is just a very small portion of the system.
This observation shows us gully-like landslides (called “mass wasting”) on the interior layered deposits of Valles Marineris. These include alcoves and channels, which are also visible in PSP_004396_1675 . However, that image quality was very poor due to a dust storm, so a re-image can give us fine-scale shapes and sizes.
This caption is based on the original science rationale.
Written by: HiRISE Science Team (20 July 2011)
This is a stereo pair with ESP_031124_1670 .
More info and image formats at http://hirise.lpl.arizona.edu/ESP_022632_1670
Image: NASA/JPL/University of Arizona