These light-toned ridges are found in a large fracture located east of Holden Crater and form a curious box-like pattern.
A hair-line fracture runs along the axis of each ridge line . The overall pattern spans several hundred meters across and individual ridges are several meters wide. Scientists are not sure how they formed yet, but some possible explanations suggest that mineral-rich ground water flowed out of the hairline fractures and deposited minerals at or near the surface as the water evaporated.
In addition, these minerals may have formed a cement along the fractures, making these patterns more resistant to subsequent erosion by wind or other processes. The resulting cemented ridges then stand high above the surrounding plains.
Written by: Ginny Gulick (audio: Tre Gibbs) (5 March 2014)
More info and image formats at http://hirise.lpl.arizona.edu/ESP_035409_1525
Image: NASA/JPL/University of Arizona