What do we mean when we describe a surface as having “high thermal inertia”? The term refers to the ability of a material to conduct and store heat, and in planetary science, its measure of the subsurface’s ability to store heat during the day and reradiate it during the night.
What causes thermal inertia? It depends on the composition of the terrain that we’re studying. Here in Coprates Chasma, the site of this observation, we find indications of such high thermal inertia, so an image at high resolution may help us determine the composition and structure to give us an answer.
Coprates Chasma is located in the huge canyon system, Vallis Marineris. For a general overview of thermal inertia, see Nathaniel Putzig’s page .
This caption is based on the original science rationale.
Written by: HiRISE Science Team (audio: Tre Gibbs) (8 April 2015)
More info and image formats at http://hirise.lpl.arizona.edu/ESP_039485_1660
Image: NASA/JPL/University of Arizona